alex // 二十歳 // ♫♫♫


Museum of Civilizations | GM architects | Via

As a proposal for a reflective experience deeply rooted in its city’s history, lebanese studio GM architects has envisioned ‘museum of civilizations’, sunk into the landscape of beirut’s martyrs’ square. The proposal excavates through various strata of earth, which contain traces from greek, roman, byzantine, ottoman, and french societies. The large hole is then infilled with two structures – a massive gridded scaffold and tall white tower – which are connected by a singular circulation path. a succession of voids break through the tressle-like block, and are occupied by platforms for exhibition use as well as general observation. Below, a walkway passes over the site’s watery bottom to access a staircase wrapped by the high white wall.


Greeted with disdain at its first performance in 1888, the Symphony in D Minor has since become Belgian composer Cesar Franck’s most famous and respected work. The controversy at its early performances (and rehearsals) is usually attributed to Franck’s use of the cor anglais, or English horn, which was apparently one horn too far for late 19th century French music critics. But the hostile reaction to the symphony in France was also partly because the symphonic form was considered too German for words, boom boom, in the years immediately following the Franco-Prussian War. Franck, when asked if the symphony was inspired by any particular poetic idea, is reputed to have replied, “No, it is just music, nothing but pure music.”